Women of the Word: Queen Mothers of Kings

queen-mothers-wotw

I find it interesting that when reading about the kings of Judah and Israel in 1 and 2 Kings and 1 and 2 Chronicles, the mothers of these kings are often mentioned. One of the first queen mothers that we looked at was Abijah or Abi. She was the mother of the 13th king of Judah, Hezekiah, and is mentioned in the Old Testament books of 2 Kings 18:2 and 2 Chronicles 29:1. Abi’s son did what was right in the sight of the Lord and is remembered as being a good and godly king. Below are fourteen other women who were also mothers of kings. Did their sons turn out as well as Hezekiah?

Azubah (1 Kings 22:42; 2 Chronicles 20:31) was the mother of Jehoshaphat, 4th king of Judah. He was crowned at thirty-five years of age and reigned for twenty-five years. The Bible says he did what was right in the eyes of the Lord.

Hamutal (Jeremiah 52:1; 2 Kings 23:31; 24:18) was the mother of Zedekiah, the last king of Judah. He was crowned at twenty-one years of age and reigned for eleven years. The Bible says he did evil in the eyes of the Lord.

Hephzibah (2 Kings 21:1) was the mother of Manasseh, a king of Judah. He was crowned at twelve years of age and reigned for fifty-five years. The Bible says he did much evil in the eyes of the Lord.

Jecholiah or Jekoliah (2 Kings 15:2; 2 Chronicles 26:3) was the mother of Azariah, a king of Judah. He was crowned at sixteen years of age and reigned for fifty-two years. The Bible says he did what was right in the eyes of the Lord.

Jedidah (2 Kings 22:1) was the mother of Josiah, a king of Judah. He was crowned at eight years of age and reigned for thirty-one years. The Bible says he did what was right in the eyes of the Lord.

Jehoaddan (2 Kings 14:2; 2 Chronicles 25:1) was the mother of Amaziah, a king of Judah. He was crowned at twenty-five years of age and reigned for twenty-nine years. The Bible says he did what was right in the eyes of the Lord.

Jerusha (2 Kings 15:33; 2 Chronicles 27:1) was the mother of Jotham, a king of Judah. He was crowned at twenty-five years of age and reigned for sixteen years. The Bible says he did what was right in the eyes of the Lord.

Meshullemeth (2 Kings 21:19) was the mother of Amon, a king of Judah. He was crowned at twenty-two years of age and reigned for two years. The Bible says he did evil in the eyes of the Lord and forsook God.

Michaiah (2 Chronicles 13:2) was the mother of Abijah, 2nd king of Judah. I’m not sure when he was crowned, but he reigned for three years. The Bible doesn’t say whether he did good or evil.

Naamah (1 Kings 14:21, 31; 2 Chronicles 12:13) was the mother of Rehoboam, once a king of a united Israel and Judah, but when Israel rebelled and formed their own Kingdom he became only the king of Judah. He was crowned at forty-one years of age and reigned for seventeen years. The Bible says he did evil because he had not set his heart on seeking the Lord.

Nehushta (2 Kings 24:8) was the mother of Jehoiachin, a king of Judah. He was crowned at eighteen years of age and reigned for three months. The Bible says he did evil in the eyes of the Lord.

Zebudah (2 Kings 23:36) was the mother of Jehoiakim, a king of Judah. He was crowned at twenty-five years of age and reigned for eleven years. The Bible says he did evil in the eyes of the Lord.

Zeruah (1 Kings 11:26) was the mother of Jeroboam, the first king of the divided Kingdom of Israel. He reigned for twenty-two years. The Bible shows how he started off well as a skilled worker for King Solomon, but he later turned evil.

Zibiah (2 Kings 12:1; 2 Chronicles 24:1) was the mother of Joash, a king of Judah. He was crowned at six years of age and reigned for forty years. The Bible says he did what was right in the eyes of the Lord all the years Jehoiada the priest instructed him. But after Jehoiada the priest died, Joash forgot God.

So, what can we learn from these mothers of kings?

1. 15 Queen Mothers of Kings (including Abi) influenced their sons for good or evil. Now this isn’t to say that all the kings who did evil had evil mothers or that all the kings who did good had good mothers. But all these queen mothers certainly had some influence in the young lives of their sons and in who they eventually turned out to be. There are many children with godly mothers who grow up and choose to do evil. And there are just as many children with bad mothers who grow up and choose to do good. But for the most part, the faith and the future of all children is shaped to some extent by the behavior, words and actions of their parents.

William Ross Wallace wrote a poem praising motherhood called, “The Hand That Rocks the Cradle Is the Hand That Rules the World”. A child is a reflection of the woman who bore him or her – not only in appearance, but also in word, action, attitude and character. Mothers should never underestimate the influence that they and their faith have in their children’s lives. Mothers have the power to change the world by raising sons and daughters who will be bearers of light, proclaimers of truth, defenders of justice and forces of good.

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2 thoughts on “Women of the Word: Queen Mothers of Kings

  1. Pingback: Women of the Word | The Virtuous Girls

  2. Pingback: Women of the Word (Recap 9) | The Virtuous Girls

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