Paul’s letter to the saints in Rome largely focuses on God and the salvation that is available through faith in His Son, Jesus the Christ. In his greeting, Paul describes himself as a servant and as an apostle who has been set apart to preach the Gospel of God. This shows that Paul is not interested in promoting his own doctrine. He is completely dedicated to the work and the message of the One Who saved him. Because of the grace of God he is dedicated to sharing his faith among all nations in hopes of bringing all souls to faith in Christ. We are created by God, and are called to belong to His Son.
(8-15) Longing to Go to Rome
Paul desires to visit the saints in Rome in order to strengthen them with the spiritual gift of the Gospel, so they can both be encouraged by one another’s faith. He is already doing the most important work for them (which is praying), but now he also wishes to have the opportunity to bring Jews and Gentiles in Rome to faith in Jesus the Christ.
(16-17) The Righteous Shall Live by Faith
More than any one else in the Bible, Paul emphasizes over and over again that the Gospel is the “power of God for salvation” to EVERYONE who believes in Christ – Jews and Gentiles, poor and rich, male and female. It is by faith and faith alone that we are made righteous, not by good works and not by anything else.
(18-32) God’s Wrath on Unrighteousness
No human being has any excuse to not believe in God because even without hearing the Gospel, God has made His eternal power and divine nature evident in all that He has created. Look at the stars, the ocean, the mountains, the planets, the galaxies, look at yourself, and look at the millions of other people on planet Earth, and no one can honestly say that there is no God. God, however, will not force anyone to believe in Him. When human beings consistently and determinedly reject God, God steps back from His creation and gives them up to their sin and their own depravity.
Favorite verse: (20) For his invisible attributes, namely, his eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly perceived, ever since the creation of the world, in the things that have been made. So they are without excuse.