(1-11) God’s Righteous Judgment
Those who judge and condemn others, are actually judging and condemning themselves. By acknowledging that there is a standard of righteousness, they acknowledge that there is a God. God is the only one who can rightly judge because He is the only one who is perfectly righteous. God is the standard and all those who fall short of His standard (which is everyone) is under His judgment. Those who believe in His Son, Jesus the Christ, however, escape His judgment and experience His mercy.
It doesn’t matter whether someone is Jew (with the law) or Gentile (without the law), God shows no partiality. Those who have faith in Christ and patiently strive for glory, honor, and immortality, God will give eternal life. But to those who do not obey the truth of God, but are self-seeking and full of unrighteousness, God will judge in wrath and fury.
(12-29) God’s Judgment and the Law
Even though it is not as clear as God’s law, there is a natural law written in the heart and on the conscience of every human being. This natural law helps us discern between what is right and what is wrong, so that all are on equal grounds before God’s judgment. Paul tells Jews that even though they have the written law, this does not mean they are accepted by God. Those who are accepted by God are not those who have the law, know the law, and teach the law while breaking the law. Those who are accepted by God are those who do the law.
Favorite verse: (15) They show that the work of the law is written on their hearts, while their conscience also bears witness, and their conflicting thoughts accuse or even excuse them.