(1-8) God’s Righteousness Upheld
At the end of Romans 2, Paul writes that a Jew is not “merely one outwardly,” but “one inwardly, and circumcision is a matter of the heart.” If this is the case, what advantage does a Jew have over Gentiles? One of the advantages of being an “outward” Jew is that they were entrusted with the oracles of God. They had the written Scriptures before any one else. Their faithlessness or unbelief of the Scriptures does not negate the faithfulness of God and the Scriptures. The same goes for us. If we do not believe God’s Word, our unbelief does not make God’s Word a lie. Our unrighteousness does not mean that God is not righteous. In fact, our unrighteousness serves to better show His righteousness; and our lies more clearly reveals His truth.
(9-20) No One Is Righteous
Jews are not better off than Gentiles and neither are Gentiles than Jews. All of us are under sin and none of us are righteous. No good works that we may do are good enough to justify us before God.
(21-30) The Righteousness of God Through Faith
Only Christ is able to justify us before God by grace, through faith. It doesn’t matter whether we are Jew or Gentile. If we put our faith in Christ, His righteousness is placed on us and we are cleansed by His precious blood, so that we are no longer found guilty before God. Since we are justified by faith and not by any of our good deeds, our boasting must be excluded. We cannot say that we have saved ourselves.
Favorite verse: (4) By no means! Let God be true though every one were a liar, as it is written, “That you may be justified in your words, and prevail when you are judged.”